1956 Borderline Recognition
is a positive solution to South and North Sudan Conflict.
Gatkuoth De-Lew / Juba
The ongoing confrontation between the two
newly separated Republics without borders and the likelihood of this conflict
an inescapable escalation from its earliest acts of strategic aggressions into
largest full scale war between Khartoum and Juba is not a little issue to be
determined at the face value appearance.
a great deal of necessity for an international arbiter to better judge this
state of limbo should not be basing any commonsense on its consequences and
outputs as why Heglig or Panthou has been taken by Juba and/or why civil
population in all villages of Unity
State are being targeted by Khartoum's addicted aerial and random bombardments.
However; any rational judgment should be
directed to immediate root causes of the conflict to enable us finding
potentially possible solutions of the whole conflict over the whole region-Sudan
other than sticking to the unfolding puzzles and the subjective versions on the
The root causes of such conflict is not
only oil- dominated rivalry as many analysts summed it up to have been the
case; but ill- definition of the entire borders of the two separately sovereign
States is the main supply motivating each side of choosing conflict over
cooperation and this cannot be easily addressed by just rhetoric hurling
condemnations upon any one of the both countries.
Sudan as the united country between 1820
and 1956 was under successive dominations of the colonialists from
Rule under sultanate Empire of Ottoman (1821- 1885), Madhists rose and fell
almost 14 years Rule (1885-
1899) and all crowned up by the last but
not the least reign of Anglo-Egyptian condominium (1899- 1956) that conceded
the political autonomy and territorial integrity to the people of Sudan under
its last governor General Sir
Alexander Knox Helm who was keen on ensuring border demarcation of the
North and South as this today stood as 1956 Border.
Therefore it is wise and the only potential
option for any conclusion to be drawn by considering this conflict between the
two countries not only as a charge confined to both Juba and Khartoum alone
but the whole world particularly those
friendly countries that were brokering CPA in Naivasha Kenya are to blame and
be held accountable as why they were not so effective to acknowledge the
withdrawal and redeployment of Sudan Troops to the 1956 Border line as it was
stipulated in the CPA security Arrangement Protocol a process that was
implemented unilaterally by
the South Sudan side alone at its discretion as CPA aspired while SAF has had a
retention of its troops in the southern territory to this day and thus the
backbone of this conflict .
Khartoum Regime has failed to implement a
number of key outstanding issues related to CPA protocols among others is their
defiance to redeploy their forces along 1956 Border Line as enshrined in the
CPA, withholding Popular consultations to Blue Nile and Nuba Mountains and
of Abyei Referendum which was destined to be exercised by the Ngok Dinka
natives who were and are the landlords of Abyei soil all of which are in vain.
These are the main factors which lie at the
core heart of Sudanese conflict and as such Sudan as a region will degenerate
into an all out war unless 1956 Border is activated and to be declared
internationally recognised till pending issues are objectively addressed
between the two countries.
To de-escalate this conflict the
international community should not be fear- ridden in telling the plain truth
which is the effecting of 1956 Border and recognise it as an international
border line between the two States as it stood on 1st Jan.1956.
The two countries have to implement
redeployments of their troops to the either side of the above border-line with
UN and other supranational bodies to supervise the process empirically and
aggressively with a strict execution supported by the imposition of the tightest
This should be but the only viable remedy
that would work like a charm in restoring peace, security and bilateral
relations between the two nation-states.
Many other influential issues are not ruled
out of existence but 1956 Borderline Recognition is a positive solution to
South and North Sudan Conflict.